Anxiety is a feeling of concern, nervousness, or fear of a situation, which helps people stay alert to deal with problems. However, anxiety can disable you if it interferes with your daily life, such as being afraid of everyday, non-threatening activities like riding the bus or talking to a colleague. Anxiety can also present itself as a sudden terror attack when there is no threat.

Types of Anxiety

Los principales tipos de trastornos de ansiedad son:Trastorno de ansiedad generalizada (TAG). Las personas con TAG se preocupan de manera excesiva por problemas comunes y cotidianos, tales como salud, dinero, trabajo y familia. Con el TAG, la mente imagina el peor escenario, incluso cuando no hay casi razón para preocuparse.

Panic disorder

People with panic disorders have sudden terror attacks when there is no real danger. Panic attacks can cause a feeling of unreality, fear of impending doom, or fear of losing control.

Fobia social.

La fobia social, también denominada trastorno de ansiedad social, se diagnostica cuando las personas se ponen muy ansiosas y se cohíben en situaciones sociales cotidianas.

Specific phobia.

Specific phobias can be fears of closed places, heights, water, objects, animals, or specific situations. There are other conditions that are not considered anxiety disorders but are similar, for example: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). People who have OCD have unwanted thoughts (obsessions) or behaviors (compulsions) that cause anxiety. Rituals often end up controlling their lives. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD begins after a frightening event involving physical harm or the threat of physical harm. The person with PTSD may have been the victim, or the damage may have happened to a loved one or even a stranger.


Anxiety disorders have a combination of anxiety thoughts or beliefs, physical symptoms, and changes in behavior such as avoiding everyday activities that they used to do. Each anxiety disorder has different symptoms. They all involve fear and fear of things that could happen now or in the future. Some of the physical symptoms are: weakness, shortness of breath, fast heart rate, nausea, upset stomach, hot flashes, and dizziness. The physical symptoms of anxiety disorders are generally accompanied by other mental or physical illnesses. This can mask or worsen your anxiety symptoms. Anxiety disorders are diagnosed when fear of harmless situations, events, places, or objects becomes excessive and you cannot control it. They are also diagnosed if the anxiety has lasted for at least six months and interferes with social activities, work, family, and other aspects of daily life.

Prevention and control

Muchas personas que tienen trastornos de ansiedad no tratados son propensas a otros trastornos psicológicos, como depresión, y tienen una mayor tendencia al abuso de alcohol y otras drogas. Sus relaciones con familiares, amigos y compañeros de trabajo pueden volverse muy tirantes y su desempeño laboral puede decaer La mayoría de los casos de trastornos de ansiedad pueden ser tratados satisfactoriamente por profesionales de la salud y la salud mental apropiadamente capacitados. Los psicólogos usan la Terapia cognitiva y de conducta (CBT) para ayudar a los pacientes a identificar y aprender a controlar los factores que contribuyen a su ansiedad.

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