Ataque al corazón (Otros nombres: Ataque cardiaco, infarto agudo de miocardio)
It occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a part of the heart muscle is suddenly blocked and the heart cannot get oxygen. If the blood flow is not restored quickly, that part of the heart muscle begins to die. Heart attacks almost always occur as a result of coronary artery disease. In this disease, a fatty material called plaque is deposited inside the coronary arteries, which are the arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart.
Heart attack symptoms often occur quickly and include: Oppressive chest discomfort or pain that can be mild or severe and often lasts for more than a few minutes, discomfort in one arm or both, back, neck, jaw, upper part of the stomach, shortness of breath, nausea (urge to vomit), vomiting, sudden dizziness, and cold sweat.
Prevention and control
Reducing risk factors for coronary heart disease can help you prevent a heart attack. You can take steps to reduce your risk, including making heart-healthy lifestyle changes and getting regular medical care. Some healthy lifestyle changes include: control of blood pressure and cholesterol levels, low-fat diet, weight control, stress management, regular physical activity and quitting smoking. At the hospital, health care providers make a diagnosis based on your symptoms, blood tests, and different heart health tests. Treatments may include medications and medical procedures such as coronary angioplasty. After a heart attack, cardiac rehabilitation and lifestyle changes can help you recover.